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Makar Sankranti


Makar Sankranti

January 2017


Makar Sankranti
Makar Sankranti

Makar Sankranti Punya Kaal Muhurta

Punya Kaal Muhurta = 13:17 to 17:41
Duration = 4 Hours 23 Mins
Sankranti Moment = 13:17:28
Mahapunya Kaal Muhurta = 13:17 to 13:41
Duration = 0 Hours 23 Mins
Note - 24-hour clock in IST
Makar Sankranti, also known as Sankranti or Makara Sankrant, is one of the highly auspicious days in a Hindu calendar and the day is dedicated to the worship of Lord Surya (Sun God). Makar Sankranti is the day when the sun enters into the zodiac Capricorn or Makara. It is also known as Uttarayana Punyakalam and heralds the arrival of spring season.

Lord Surya is worshipped on the Makar Sankranti day and is a form of Nature Worship. A major event on the day is the bathing ritual at Sangam (confluence of Yamuna, Saraswati and Ganga) inAllahabad and also in the famous bathing ghats on River Ganga. Taking a holy dip on the day is considered to cleanse sins committed and this will lead to Moksha (Salvation).

Makar Sankranti is observed throughout India by all communities but with slight variations in the festivities.

  • In Bengal, Makar Sankranti is noted for the Ganga Sagar Mela and Pithey parban.
  • Bhogali Bihu is celebrated on the day in Assam.
  • Makar Mela is observed in Orissa.
  • In North India, it is the time of Lohri.
  • In Central India, it is Sankranti.
  • In Tamil Nadu, Makar Sankranti is observed as Pongal.
  • In Andhra Pradesh, it is known as Sankranthi.
  • In Kerala, the famous Sabarimala Pilgrimage comes to an end with sighting of the Makaravilakku.
  • In Gujarat and Rajasthan, it is known as Uttarayan and is noted for the kite flying event.


Traditionally, Makar Sankranti is observed by a ritual bath- in Uttarakhand, in fact, there’s a local belief that anybody who doesn't bathe on Makar Sankranti will end up being born a donkey in his or her next incarnation! The sacred 'Sangam' at Allahabad- the confluence of the Ganga and Yamuna- is especially an important place for ritual baths, and is the venue for a local fair. All across North and West India, flying kites and feasting on rice and sweets made from sesame seeds is an integral part of the festivities.


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